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Effects of facial expression and facial gender on judgment of trustworthiness: The modulating effect

研究题目: Effects of facial expression and facial gender on judgment of trustworthiness: The modulating effect of cooperative and competitive settings

研究人:Yan Dong, Yi Liu, Yanfei Jia, Yongna Li and Chen Li

内容简介:People often judge trustworthiness based on others’ faces (e.g., facial expression and facial gender). However, it is unclear whether social context plays a moderating role in forming trustworthiness judgments. Based on the emotions as social information (EASI) model, differing contexts may impact the effect of facial expression; however, there is no evidence demonstrating that differing contexts will or will not influence the effect of facial gender. In this study, we used two experiments to examine how facial expression and facial gender affect facial trustworthiness judgments and whether the effects on facial trustworthiness judgments are consistent in cooperative and competitive settings.

Twenty-seven undergraduates (14 female; Mage = 21.81 years, SD = 2.66) participated

in experiment 1. The results showed significant main effects of facial expression and

facial gender as well as the interaction between them. To examine the social context

effect, 28 undergraduates (18 female; Mage = 20.93 years, SD = 2.94) participated in

experiment 2. The results showed the main effects of facial expression, facial gender,

and social context. Moreover, there was a significant interaction between facial gender

and facial expression and a marginally significant interaction between social context

and facial expression. These results suggest that in the process of judging facial

trustworthiness, individuals’ judgments are affected by both facial expression and facial

gender. Furthermore, the effect of facial gender on facial trustworthiness judgments

presents cross-situational stability, and the role of facial expression is influenced by the

settings. These findings support and expand the EASI model.

相关链接:https://xueshu.baidu.com/usercenter/paper/show?paperid=4219ffa58b1e119099d12a6a65c3311c&site=xueshu_se&hitarticle=1


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